Sustainability in agricultural supply chains in focus: Podcast, apps and studies

Apps

for smallholder farmers

agriBora

AgriBORA's mobile-based service package provides geo-information services, tailor-made field analyses and advice for smallholder farmers and financial institutions in Kenya.

 

Keywords: weather, advice, information

Available languages: English, Kiswahili and other Kenyan languages

Application country: Kenya

Target group: small farmers, financing institutions

AgriLedger

With the blockchain-based app AgriLedger, transactions between farmers and traders are transparent and protected against corruption.

 

Keywords: blockchain, traceability, free

Application countries: pilot projects in Kenya and Papua New Guinea

Target group: small farmers

 

AgriUp

AgriUp provides smallholder farmers with specific information such as weather forecasts and warnings, agricultural advice and nutrition tips.

 

Keywords: weather, advice, information

Application countries: a pilot project is currently underway in Guatemala

Target group: small farmers

AgriXP

AgriXP is an app with a connected software solution that serves as a logbook for field data. It can record crop rotation, yield and use of fertilizers and pesticides. In addition, the app provides weather information and provides the ability to map fields and assign activities to them. 

 

Keywords: cultivation information, field mapping, planning

Technical requirement: smartphone, laptop / desktop PC

Language: English

Ceres Imaging

The Ceres Imaging app uses aerial spectral images to observe patterns and trends over time for entire fields as well as individual rows and plants. This app is designed to detect problems with water, fertilizers, pests and diseases before they become a real problem.

 

Keywords: satellite monitoring, farm management, pest management, water management

Languages: English

Application countries: USA, Australia

Kurima Mari

The interactive app provides smallholder farmers with information to improve or increase their production, as well as contact opportunities to buyers or consultants.

 

Keywords: information, agricultural advice, market connectivity, good agriculture

Languages: English, Shona and Ndebele

Technical requirement: Android operating system

Application country: Zimbabwe

Target group: small farmers

Rice Advice

Rice Advice helps farmers to increase the productivity and efficiency of their rice harvest and thereby their income.

 

Keywords: information, rice, producers, free
Technical requirement: Android operating system
Applicant Countries: Benin, Burkina Faso, Ghana, Mali, Nigeria, Senegal; other countries are in testing
Available languages: English, French, Kiswahili

Target group: small farmers, agricultural consultants, development organisations

SAP Rural Sourcing Management

The software solution enables small farmers to be digitally integrated and networked with global producers. The digital capture of all information and transactions along the value chain ensures transparency and traceability and facilitates the communication of all stakeholders.

 

Keywords: traceability, transparency, market connectivity

Technical requirement: mobile app, desktop and cloud app; SAP Analytic Cloud for Analytics (for management)

Applicant countries: Benin, Burkina Faso, Ivory Coast, Ghana, Uganda, Mozambique, Sierra Leone

Target groups: small farmers, buyers, processors

FARMapper

An app for easy mapping and monitoring of acreage. There is also a free version of the application available.

 

Keywords: cultivation information, field mapping, planning

Technical requirement: smartphone, laptop / desktop PC

Language: English

Farmforce App

Multifunctional app that provides a variety of data: farm management information, planning tools, Global G.A.P relevant product information, barcode traceability.


Keywords: farm management, traceability, harvest planning, global G.A.P., transparency

Technical requirements: PC or smartphone with Android operating system
Languages: English, Spanish, French, Portugese, Indonesian, Hindi
Application countries: Kenya, Guatemala, Thailand, Nigeria, Haiti

hello tractor 

A tractor sharing app in which farm machinery is provided by their owners and can be loaned out on order by small farmers via the app.

 

Keywords: land machines, tractor, farm management

Technical requirements: smartphone

Application country: Nigeria, Kenya

Target groups: small farmers, companies

Geosurvey Collect

Geo and farm date can be colltected using the app Geosurvey Collect and then be easily share using the crowdsourcing platform Geosurvey. There, plant diseases can be diagnosed and appropriate solutions can be proposed, among other things.

 

Technical requirements: smartphone, laptop / desktop PC

Application areas: Sub-Saharan Africa and South Africa

Target group: small farmers

Twiga

Active in Kenya, Twiga helps with the market connectivity of small farmers. Producers and sellers can register on this virtual marketplace and the traded goods are picked up by Twiga and paid using mobile pay directly on site.

 

Keywords: market connection, virtual marketplace

Target group: traders, smallholders

Technical requirements: smartphone

Application country: Kenya

Pesticides and Alternatives App

The app helps to reduce pesticide use in cultivation. It provides a database of toxicity information on registered pesticides for agricultural commodities and pest species in Mexico and India, as well as agricultural commodities in Brazil, Colombia and Kenya. It also offers safer alternatives to conventional pesticides.

 

Keywords: pesticide management

Technical requirements: smartphone 

Application countries: India, Mexico, Brazil, Colombia, Kenya

for companies

Negocios Verdes


Developed in collaboration with the Colombian Ministry of the Environment, this app aims to make green and inclusive business models visible, promote the green entrepreneurship ecosystem, and facilitate business-to-consumer contact.

 

Technical requirement: Smartphone with Android operating system

Languages: Spanish

Application countries: Colombia

Target group: small and medium-sized enterprises

Ripe

An online network that offers blockchain agricultural solutions, Ripe connects every actor along a supply chain with technical information about a product's status. A digital twin of the merchandise is then created.

Keywords: Blockchain, traceability, transparency

for consumers

Siegelklarheit 


Consumers can use the website to find out about seals and certifications at any time and compare them. Alternatively, the barcode can also be scanned directly in the supermarket via the free app. The app then provides information about each seal, ratings and, if desired, comparisons with other certifications and standards.

 

Keywords: seals, sustainability standards, certifications

Language: German

Application countries: Germany

Studies

for beginners

Subject: Adaptation to climate change

Publisher: Aidenvironment

 

The Climate-Smart Agriculture Papers

A compilation of various papers on climate-smart agriculture, ranging from the description of the general problem to practical examples and solutions. Particularly interesting is Part V, which contains a section on multi-stakeholder approaches.

Subject: Poverty and distributive justice

Publisher: Deutsches Global Compact Netzwerk 

 

Distributive justice: How do we design work to be inclusive, meaningful and competitive?

A representation of global and national income inequality, this study investigates reasons for inequality and tries to find ways to reduce it.

Subject: Poverty and distributive justice

Publisher: Südwind

 

Pricing in the cocoa value chain – causes and effects

An investigation of pricing mechanisms in the cocoa sector. The study seeks to identify measures that enable the attainment of living incomes.

Subject: Digitalization

Publisher: Deutsches Global Compact Netzwerk 

 

Digitisation - man versus machine?

Research as to how digitalisation affects the future of work and production processes, which presents both opportunities and challenges.

Subject: Cocoa

Publisher: Südwind

 

Cocoa barometer 2018

 

An illustrative overview of current developments and trends in the cocoa sector.

Subject: Living Income

Publisher: ISEAL, Sustainable Food Lab, GIZ

 

From Living Wage to Living Income - Considerations for the use of the Anker methodology for calculating living wages to inform living income estimates

The document contains several case studies on corruption and serves as a guide to corruption prevention..

Subject: Human Rights in Global Supply Chains

Publisher: Treaty Alliance Deutschland

 

Briefing Paper on the Zero Draft

A treatise on the UN draft agreement for the development of a legally binding instrument for compliance with human rights standards by transnational corporations.

Subject: Sustainable sourcing 

Publisher: Christliche Initiative Romero

 

Thinking outside the box - socially responsible public procurement of food

An overview of the seals and certifications available and options for sustainable public procurement. 

Subject: New work worlds

Publisher: Deutsches Global Compact Netzwerk 

 

Work standards 2.0: Flexibility, optimisation or marginalisation?

A study looking into the state of employer-employee relations.

Subject: Regulation and sustainable development

Publisher: Fairtrade Advocacy Office

EU Competition Law and Sustainability in Food Systems - Addressing the Broken Links

A representation of European competition law, the study shows how a transformation could help to make markets more sustainable. 

Subject: Traceability

Publisher: Organic Services

 

Traceability and Technology: An overview study

A study of various mechanisms used for traceability. Based on this, tools and selection criteria will be presented.

Subject: Corporate standards

Publisher: Mighty Earth

 

Easter Buyer's Guide to Environmentally-friendly

A list of 57 retailers, suppliers and manufacturers in a sustainability ranking.

Subject: Child labor

Publisher: International Institute of Tropical Agriculture in Malawi

 

Estimating the economic incentives necessary for eliminating child labor in Ghanaian cocoa production

The study investigates the link between higher prices and the prevention of child labor in the cocoa sector.

for advanced

Subject: Digitization

Publisher: Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH

 

Harnessing the chances of digitalisation for rural development

A description of the current evolution of digitization on the African continent. Considered are various digital applications in agriculture. 

Subject: Compliance with corporate due diligence

Publisher: OECD

 

OECD Due-Diligence Guidance for Responsible Business Conduct

A practical support for the implementation of the OECD Due-Diligence Guidelines.

Subject: Deforestation-free supply chains

Publisher: FAO

 

The State of the World's Forests 

The study initially relates forest protection to the implementation of SGDs. In addition, in case studies, it presents achievements and obstacles in achieving sustainable development in relation to forests.

Subject: Promotion of smallholder farmers

Publisher: FiBL

 

Group Certification – Internal Control Systems in Organic Agriculture: Significance, Opportunities and Challenges

The study outlines the benefits of building market access cooperation and increasing product quality through knowledge sharing.

Subject: Supply chain governance

Publisher: Aidenvironment

 

An Overview of Sector Governance

The study takes a systemic approach and outlines how improved governance of a sector can make it more resilient and effective. The study moves away from purely entrepreneurial or supply chain-based approaches to promoting sustainable production.

Subject: Natural rubber

Publisher: Südwind Institut as contracted by the BMUB

 

Natural Rubber in the Supply Chain - How Companies Can Recognise and Solve Sustainability Problems

A review of various risk areas in the natural rubber sector related to social and environmental sustainability. Various approaches and standards are presented as possible solutions and recommendations for action are given.

Subject: Small farmers, market connection

Publisher: OECD Food and Fisheries Papers 

 

Strategies for Addressing Smallholder Agriculture and Facilitating Structural Transformation

A study on the factors that cause small farmers to have no market access. It also compares the agricultural guidelines of Brazil, Chile, Indonesia, Mexico and South Africa.

Subject: Rural development

Publisher: Institut für Entwicklung und Frieden (INEF)

 

Livelihoods for Transformation (LIFT) in the Oromiya Region of Ethiopia

A paper focusing on the LIFT project, which is carried out by the international NGO iDE. The project aims to implement measures to diversify and improve agricultural production and provide input and credit to improve food security.

Subject: Rural development

Publisher: Institut für Entwicklung und Frieden (INEF)

 

Restoration of soil fertility in northern Benin

A paper about the work of the GIZ project Soil Conservation and Soil Rehabilitation for Food Security in Benin, called ProSOL.

Subject: Rural development

Publisher: FAO

 

Gender and ICTs - Mainstreaming Gender in the use of Information and Communication Technologies for Agriculture and Rural Development

Focusing on gender, the study presents various measures and obstacles to the use of ICT in agriculture. It also presents seven critical factors for the success of ICT4Ag initiatives.

Subject: Living Income

Publisher: Oxfam

 

A Living-Income for Farmers - Tackling Unequal Risks and Market Power

The study traces the gap between the viable and actual incomes of smallholder farmers and the unequal market conditions. Against this backdrop, tips on how key buyers can help fill the void are given.

Subject: Living Income

Publisher: King's College London, Department of Political Economy

 

Analysis using International and National Poverty Lines as proxy for a Living Income benchmark

TThe report analyses poverty lines but national and international, which are then set in relation to the "decent standard of living" defined by the anchor method. The aim is to determine whether the poverty threshold can be used to establish a living wage and to identify the income gap.

Subject: Human Rights in Global Supply Chains

Publisher: Brigitte Hamm (INEF)

 

The SDGs and human rights responsibilities of companies

The study sheds light on the responsibility of companies in global supply chains with a focus on SDGs, NAPs, and the draft agreement on legally binding instruments by the UN.

Subject: Sustainability standards

Publisher: Aidenvironment, WWF, ISEAL Alliance

The Systemic Impact of Voluntary Sustainability Standards

A comparison of systemic effects of sustainability standards and purely intended "certification effects."

Subject: Best practice solutions

Publisher: Elisabeth Fröhlich

 

CSR and Procurement - Theoretical and practical implications of a sustainable procurement process model

This anthology sheds light on the entire strategic sustainable procurement process and uses practical business examples to show where CSR plays a role and which solutions can be implemented. Not only ecological and social aspects in the buyer-supplier relationship, but also efficient supplier auditing are discussed. Numerous theoretical and practical instructions for the successful implementation of sustainability in procurement support the implementation in the company.

for experts

Subject: Digitalization, global markets

Publisher: OECD Food and Fisheries Papers 

 

Digital Opportunities for Trade in the Agriculture and Food Sectors

A study on the digital transformation in food and agriculture. The paper shows how digital technology changes are influencing who participates in value creation and who benefits from it.

Subject: Global markets

Publisher: OECD Food and Fisheries Papers 

 

How Policies Shape Global Food and Agriculture Value Chains

The study analyses global supply chains from over 20 sectors and shows how legal framework conditions influence and change participation in these value chains.