INATrace - the traceability tool for sustainable supply chains
INATrace is a transferable, open source blockchain-based traceability solution that makes agricultural commodities traceable from production up to the final product.
Corporate due diligence and accountability are rapidly gaining attention. Therefore, it is of immense importance for companies to be able to collect, retrieve and evaluate information about production conditions along the supply chain in real time. Digital traceability serves the increasing expectation for supply chain transparency - both on the part of end consumers and legislation. INATrace promotes trust and security between trading partners and makes the supply chain efficient and future-proof. Producers gain better control over their data.
What does INATrace do?
INATrace maps all process steps and transactions from the farmer to the sellable product. Segregated units, process steps and the supply chain structure are freely customizable in the administration user interface and identifiable via individual QR codes. Transaction data and payments are stored in the backend on a blockchain. This concerns all physical transitions between actors and processing steps of the raw materials. A two-party verification system is implemented for transactions. In addition to transaction and origin data, various sustainability attributes, (cup) quality and certificates can be tracked. INATrace uses Hyperledger Fabric blockchain technology, a private blockchain with a rigid data security and access rights concept and lower energy consumption compared to public blockchains.
INATrace enables the generation of a QR code on the packaging of the final product. The front end is customizable for consumers to retrieve product information via a web app. This includes a feedback feature that enables two-way communication and accurate and fast complaints responses.
INATrace integrates with enterprise resource planning (ERP) systems and farm management systems via APIs.
How can I use INATrace for my supply chain?
INATrace is released as open source under the GNU Affero General Public License (GNU AGPL) v3.0. This means the system is free to be used and customized. However, it comes with the restriction that any further development must be published under the same open source license so that other companies and organizations can also benefit from it. In this way, INATrace shall be continuously maintained and further developed for the benefit of a broader public. The adaptation from the coffee to other agricultural commodities is also envisaged.
The installation and maintenance of INATrace requires technical know-how, which may require cooperation with a technical service provider.
If you want to use INATrace, please contact us. We are happy to help and are interested in further use cases.
Especially if you source or export coffee from Rwanda, we are very interested in cooperating with you in our follow-up project (see section INATrace in use).
More background documents, information about the backend of the solution and training materials can be found here.
What is a blockchain?
Blockchain technology represents a string of digital records linked together by a digital chain. The blockchain solution stores all data points and transactions in a decentralized manner so that they are tamper-proof. This is done by cryptographically chaining the individual records, which are docked to the previous block using a private and a public key. The new block integrates the transaction history of the previous chain element and encodes a new digital fingerprint. The blockchain can continue indefinitely; a new block can be appended to the last record any number of times. In this way, the blockchain verifies every transaction and enables a transparent representation of supply chains, for example.
INATrace in der Anwendung
INA in Rwanda
So far, INATrace has been successfully implemented for a supply chain of Rwandan women's coffee cooperatives in cooperation with the International Women’s Coffee Alliance, Rwanda Chapter. This means that the path of coffee produced by women in Rwanda is digitally mapped along with information on the quality of the coffee, prices paid, and actors involved such as cooperatives and roasters. Consumers can access this information in the supermarket via a QR code on pack and trace their product back to the field. For more information about the project, see the Rwanda Success Story.
More use cases are being planned and will soon be shown here. We would be happy to publish your use case as well. If you are interested, please feel free to contact us.